Rubiaceae - madder family

Gerald A. Mulligan
Research Scientist and Research Institute Director (retired) and presently Honorary Research Associate, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada,
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0C6, Canada

Awarded the George Lawson Medal by the Canadian Botanical Association in 2006.
Awarded the Faculty of Macdonald, McGill University, Most Distinguished Alumni Award on October 18, 2014.
Read his biography "The Real Weed Man" available in print and ebook.

Galium mollugo L., smooth bedstraw, gaillet mollugine
This bedstraw is a long-lived perennial herb spreading both by seeds and by its vigorous underground rhizomes. Its stems are erect or semi-erect, and are from 1 to 4 feet (3 to 12 dm.) high. Leaves are in whorls of 5 to 8, rarely up to 12. Flowers are 4-lobed, white to greenish-white. It is an invasive plant that can become the dominant plant in habitats that are not under cultivation. It occurs in the eastern and western portions of the northern United States and Canada. Livestock typically avoid grazing it. It was originally introduced here, from Europe, as an ornamental plant.

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Weed Name Photo Weed Name Photo
smooth bedstraw, gaillet mollugine
(inflorescence)
smooth bedstraw, gaillet mollugine
(inflorescences)
smooth bedstraw, gaillet mollugine
(plants in field)
smooth bedstraw, gaillet mollugine
(dominant in field)
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